Inventions, Achievements, Date of Death, Quotes, Full Name, Education and Other Details

A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Biography: Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was an Indian aerospace scientist who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He was born on October 15, 1931, grew up in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, and studied physics and aerospace engineering. APJ Abdul Kalam was elected India’s 11th President in 2002 with the support of both the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party and the opposition Indian National Congress Party. Also referred to as “the people’s president”, APJ Abdul Kalam has returned to his civilian life of education, writing and public service after serving a single term.

Read APJ Abdul Kalam Biography and learn more about his education, achievements, inventions, full name, quotes and other important details.

APJ Abdul Kalam Biography

Full name

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam

Date of Birth

October 15, 1931

Place of birth

Rameswaram, Madras Presidency, British India


Jainulabdeen Marakayar and Ashiamma


July 27, 2015

Political affiliations

National Democratic Alliance (NDA)


Aerospace scientist, author


Padma Bhushan, Padma Vibhushan, Bharat Ratna, Indira Gandhi Prize for National Integration, Veer Savarkar Prize, SASTRA Ramanujan Prize


aerospace engineering


Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)

foster mother

St Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli (BEng), Madras Institute of Technology (MEng)


Former President of India

APJ Abdul Kalam Youth, Education

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was born on October 15, 1981 to a Tamil Muslim family at Rameswaram pilgrimage center on Pamban Island. It was then under the Madras Presidency under British India and is now in the state of Tamil Nadu.

APJ Abdul Kalam’s father, Jainulabdeen Marakayar, was a boat owner and imam of a local mosque while his mother Ashiamma was a homemaker. His father also owned a ferry that carried Hindu pilgrims between Rameswaram and the now uninhabited Dhanushkodi.

APJ Abdul Kalam was the youngest of four brothers and one sister in his family. His family consisted of wealthy merchants and landowners from Marakayar, owning many properties and large tracts of land. With the opening of the Pamban Bridge to the mainland in 1914, however, businesses failed and the family fortune and properties were lost over time, except for the ancestral home.

As a young boy, Kalam had to sell newspapers to support his family, which was poor and survived on a meager income.

APJ Abdul Kalam Education

APJ Abdul Kalam in his school years had average grades, however, he was described as a bright and hardworking student who had a strong desire to learn. He devoted hours to his studies, especially mathematics. After completing his education at Schwartz Higher Secondary School, Abdul Kalam went to St. Joseph’s College and graduated in Physics in 1954. He then moved to Madras in 1955 to study Aerospace Engineering at the Institute of Madras technology.

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam as Scientist

After graduating from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1960, APJ Abdul Kalam joined the Aeronautical Development Establishment of the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) as a scientist after becoming a member of the Defense research and development service. He started his career designing a small hovercraft, however, he was not convinced by his work at DRDO.

In 1969, APJ Abdul Kalam was transferred to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) where he was the project manager of India’s first Satellite Launch Vehicle which successfully deployed the Rohini satellite into Near Earth Orbit in July 1980.

APJ Abdul Kalam was also invited by Raja Ramanna to witness the country’s first nuclear test, Smiling Buddha, as a representative of TBRL, even though he had not been involved in its development.

GK Q&A on Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam

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